Holy Mothers of Orthodoxy

by

Eva Catafygiotu Topping


Glossary

Polity
a state or other government (including ecclesiastical) organized community or body
Praxis
convention, habit, or custom, church practices
Protomartyr
first martyr
Psalter
a psalm book used for reading in church services
Relic
the body, a part of the body, or some personal memorial of a saint, martyr, or other sacred person, preserved as worthy of veneration
Saint
any of certain persons of exceptional holiness (righteousness) of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization
Self-fulfilling prophecy
something someone else says about you that you make to come true by accepting it as truth and behaving according to its premises (Many people who are oppressed come to accept their oppressors (false) opinions of them as true and act according to them.
Sign of the Cross
a means of witnessing as a Christian in which the right hand, with fingers positioned to represent the two (human and divine) natures of Christ and the Trinitarian nature of God, makes the shape of a Cross over the upper body
Staurophoros
one who puts on (accepts and follows) the Cross
Sticheron pl. stichera
a particular kind of hymn used in the Divine Liturgy, acolouthia (daily office) or other services of the Orthodox Church usually sung in alternation with psalm verses or other scriptural verses
Strophe(s)
the first of the three series of lines forming the divisions of each section of a Pindaric ode
Sun of Righteousness
a title for Christ as the Light of the World
Suppliant
a person who supplicates, asks for something; petitioner
Synaxaria
a book containing the summaries of the lives of saint, read at the orthros service
Synaxis
an assembly for religious worship, esp. for the celebration of the Eucharist
Taxis
place (esp. in some kind of qualitative order)
Theia Doxa
holy glory, divine glory
Theophoros
one who puts on (accepts and follows) Christ
Theosis
deification — becoming like God. a lifelong process of becoming closer to God and increasing spiritual maturity, struggle, and holiness. One never fully realizes ultimate theosis
Theotokarion
book of hymns to the Virgin Mary
Theotokos
the Virgin Mary (means “bearer of God”—as in Jesus)
Thiasos
a band or company assembled in honor of a divinity
Tokos
interest
Tone
any of the eight “scales” to which hymns are chanted in Byzantine chant
Tonsure
the shaving of the head or of some part of it as a religious practice or rite, esp. in preparation for entering a clerical or monastic order
Topos
a place, site
Triodion
the liturgical book used by the Eastern Orthodox Church during Great Lent and the preparatory weeks leading up to it
Troparion
a short hymn of one stanza, or one of a series of stanzas
Ubiquitous
existing or being everywhere, esp. at the same time; omnipresent from Latin ubique - everywhere